Scoring Innovation Means More Consumer Home Loans – FICO

When the GSE’s (Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae) upgrade to FICO 9, the mortgage industry will follow suit. Until then this is mere chatter.

Scoring Innovation Means More Consumer Home Loans – FICO.

Financially Speaking™ James Spray RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro | CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | July 12, 2015

 Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct for your situation. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may reproduce this information in whole and not in part, providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

The NEW Reverse Mortgage

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It is my pleasure to specialize in the origination of Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECM) for the benefit of our clients. These are best known as Reverse Mortgages. The type of Reverse Mortgage we offer, and the most utilized product available in Colorado, is the one insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as further discussed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and as discussed by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).

  • The minimum age for a borrower is 62.
  • A non-borrowing spouse under age 62 gets to be on the deed.
  • Reverse mortgages are extremely well protected. Guaranteed by HUD; Insured by FHA.
  • One of the protections is the requirement that borrowers receive counseling from a third-party HUD Certified Housing Counselor – often at no cost to the prospective borrower.
  • No monthly out-of-pocket mortgage payments required.
  • The reverse mortgage is due once the home is no longer the primary residence of the borrower(s) or the non-borrowing spouse.
  • Out of pocket expenses are limited to property taxes, insurance and HOA fees (when applicable).
  • The property is to be kept in good condition.
  • The interest rate is not determined by income or credit score.
  • The interest rate is based on the program chosen (FRM, Monthly/Annual ARM, and Low-cost Annual).
    • Flexibility on how funds are received (traditional):
    • In an interest bearing line of credit and/or;
    • As monthly payments and/or;
    • In a lump sum payment and/or;
    • In any combination of the above methods.
  • There are no restrictions on how the funds may be used.
  • The title remains in the borrower’s name. The bank does not own your home. You may sell at any time.
  • There is no equity sharing. Your equity is your equity.
  • Credit review – The credit review is minimal providing there have been no serious derogatory credit issues, such as bankruptcy or unpaid credit obligations, in the past two years.
  • There is no minimum credit score requirement.
  • Financial Assessment (FA) – The financial underwriting is minimal. The lender must be assured the borrower has the income and will to pay real estate taxes and property insurance.
  • Under FA, a full or partial set aside account may be required to pay taxes and insurance.
  • Closing costs are comparable to other FHA insured home loans.
  • There are no mark-up or “junk” fees allowed.
  • One may still receive Social Security and Medicare benifits with a reverse mortgage.
  • The reverse mortgage is a loan so the proceeds are not treated as income.
  • There is no prepayment penalty; the borrower may pay-off the reverse mortgage at any time with no penalty.
    • Reverse mortgages are non-recoursable; if more is owed than the value of the property, the lender may not collect the deficient amount from either the borrower or the estate.
    • Heirs may sell the property and pay off the mortgage. In the event more is owed on the property than the value of the property, the heirs may purchase the property for 95% of the market value as opposed to paying the full amount of the mortgage.
  • Reverses Mortgages are also used for Purchase Money. Click here to learn more.
  • Security is provided for the under age 62 spouse. Click here for more information.

DISCLAIMER: This publication does not represent that any of the information provided is approved by HUD or FHA or any US Government Agency.

DISCLOSURE: The information provided herein is not intended to be an indication of loan approval or a commitment to lend. Additional program guidelines may apply. Information is subject to change without notice.

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Financially Speaking™ James Spray RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro | CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | November 2, 2016

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct for your situation. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may reproduce this information in whole and not in part, providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

The Basics of Mortgage Lending and Mortgage Servicing

The following is not written as an extensive discussion about the roles of mortgage lenders or mortgage servicers. Rather it is written to provide a brief and very general overview of these two different and separate functions within the residential mortgage industry.

Quoting from the CFPB, “Your mortgage lender is the financial institution that loaned you the money. Your mortgage servicer handles the day-to-day tasks of managing your loan. Your loan servicer typically processes your loan payments, responds to borrower inquiries, keeps track of principal and interest paid, manages your escrow account, and may initiate foreclosure if you miss too many loan payments. Your servicer may or may not be the same company that gave you your loan.” In other words, the mortgage lender may also be the mortgage servicer.

How does the mortgage lender get paid? The mortgage lender may get paid with a combination of an origination fee and the spread between the interest rate paid for the funds it lends and the interest rate charged to the borrower for those funds. Or the mortgage lender may just get paid on the spread between the interest rate paid for the funds and the interest charged to the borrower for those funds.

How does the mortgage servicer get paid? Generally speaking, there are four streams of income for the servicing function.

First, the servicer gets a servicing fee.  The servicing fee is typically calculated as a percentage of the outstanding principal balance of the loans serviced. Generally speaking, it is interest on the principal which ranges between one-eighth (0.125) and one-half (0.50) percent and which is retained by the servicer.

Second, the servicer is entitled to keep the “float” on the mortgage payments received. To illustrate: the borrowers remit payments to the servicer on the first of the month, however the servicer is not be required to remit the funds to the lender/mortgagee until the end of the month.  The result is that the servicer gets use of the funds for the most of the year with the exception of the few days each month when the servicer must remit to the lender/mortgagee.

Third, the servicer retains any supplementary fees it collects. The promissory note of the mortgage specifies the amount and payment of late fees as well as any other fees or costs related to the collection of late fees.

Finally, the servicer earns revenue from the fees and interest generated by funding mortgage servicing advances.

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Financially Speaking™ James Spray, RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro | CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct for your situation. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may reproduce this information in whole and not in part, providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

Purchase or Refinance During a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Chapter 13 Plan

Chapter 13 Plan

This post is written for folks currently in a Chapter 13 Plan. It is also helpful for those contemplating filing a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Reorganization Plan. This post is also helpful for those recently Discharged from Chapter 13. A mortgage refinance or a home purchase, while still in a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, is possible; it is also a complicated financial and, legal transaction. To do this requires a highly specialized mortgage professional experienced with both FHA lending rules and Chapter 13 bankruptcy as well as local court rules.

The Chapter 13 Payment

One of the most important things to understand is the importance of on-time Chapter 13 Payments to the mortgage underwriting process. I strongly encourage you to read this: The Chapter 13 Payment. Your Chapter 13 Trustee payment is given the exact consideration as your housing (mortgage/rent) payment in underwriting. From the underwriting perspective, one thirty-day late payment of either the mortgage or Chapter 13 Trustee payment will sink your prospects of getting mortgage loan approval for at least a year. Mail your payment early or set your on-line bill pay or direct payment to the Trustee so that you always know your payment has had time to get to the Trustee’s office and be posted by the staff at that office. Too many times, on review of the Chapter 13 Payment history, we find a payment was posted on the 2nd day of the month. One day counts as a late payment. An experienced mortgage lender can help you check your Chapter 13 payment history in real time.

Mortgage Choices for Chapter 13 Debtors (purchase or refinance)

The only mortgages available, either for refinance or purchase, for those in a Chapter 13 Plan are those insured or guaranteed by the Federal government. These mortgages are either: insured by FHAguaranteed by VA or the USDA. Each

Any mortgage so long as it’s FHA, VA or USDA.

of these home loans are underwritten with the same guidelines as set forth in the FHA Handbook. How does a bankruptcy affect a borrower’s eligibility for an FHA mortgage? From the FHA Handbook:  “A Chapter 13 bankruptcy does not disqualify a borrower from obtaining an FHA mortgage provided the lender documents that one year of the payout period under the bankruptcy has elapsed and the borrower’s payment performance has been satisfactory (i.e., all required payments made on time). In addition, the borrower must receive permission from the court to enter into the mortgage transaction.*”  Most underwriters will consider the Chapter 13 Trustee’s approval as permission from the court.

Application to Incur New Debt

To get underwriting approval for a Chapter 13 Debtor to refinance the Chapter 13 Trustee (in Colorado) or the Judge must approve your application to incur new debt. Contact your attorney to determine how and when to best proceed, or not. There are situations when it may not be in your best interest to purchase or refinance while in Chapter 13. This is a process which you can only do with the advise and assistance of your attorney. Your attorney must prepare the financial statements to submit to the Trustee in order for authority to be granted for a lender to offer new credit. Your mortgage loan originator should be able to assist your attorney in completing the Application to Incur New Debt.

Mortgage Refinance After Chapter 13 Discharge?

Yes. One may refinance or purchase within 2 years following the Discharge. BUT, it is easier to get approved for a mortgage while still in Chapter 13. This is because, following Discharge, a manual underwrite is mandated. Few lenders are willing to take the risk of not having the safe harbor provided by Automated Underwriting. Begin reestablishing good credit as soon as your Chapter 13 Plan is confirmed and continue this discipline while your case is still open so by the time your Discharge enters, you have solidly reestablished good credit.

Two years following Discharge, with reestablished credit, one may qualify for a conventional or Qualified Residential Mortgages (QRM) to purchase or refinance a home loan.

Preliminary Requirements for Purchase or Refinance While in Chapter 13

  • Twenty-four months of current housing payments with no 30-day late payments and, the likelihood of the income continuing for at least three years.
  •  Two years IRS Returns showing your income is sufficient to pay the mortgage as well as your Chapter 13 payment and any debt not included in the bankruptcy payment.
  • Minimum middle FICO Score of 620 . Most will need to practice what I’ve previously posted as FICO  101a, 101b and 101c for several months prior to making a successful application for mortgage credit.
  • For anyone with a fear of having credit make time to read both Credit: Use It to Build It (Part 1) and Credit: Use It to Build It (Part 2).
  • Begin rebuilding your credit as soon as your Chapter 13 Plan is Confirmed/Court Approved; this is when your property has been revested to you.
  • The maximum limited-cash out loan to value on an FHA appraisal is presently 95% – Refinance.
  • The minimum down payment is 3.5% of the purchase contract or appraised value whichever is less. – Purchase
  • The maximum Debt to Income Ratio is 45%. This is pushing the envelope. While in Chapter 13, it is mandatory to have Court approval (in Colorado, the Trustee approval suffices) to obtain a mortgage.

There is more detail to this process than can reasonably be discussed herein but this is the essence of purchasing or refinancing while in Chapter 13.

*Reference: FHA Handbook 4000.1 II.A. 5.a.iii (H)(2)(3).

Disclaimer: This article does not represent that any of the information provided is approved by HUD or FHA or any US Government Agency.

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Financially Speaking™ James Spray, RMLO, CNEFICO Pro |  CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | November 1, 2010 – Revised May 2, 2018 | Copyright 2010-2018
Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

Preparing for The Appraisal – Selling or Refinancing

Make a good first impression, it helps.

Make a good first impression, it helps.

 

 

 

 

 

This post is written primarily for the benefit of the seller and the listing agent as well as the refinance applicant.

  • For most homeowners, the real estate appraisal is a key component to selling a home. It allows the business transaction to occur between the seller and buyer, as well as the Realtor or real estate agent and the mortgage lender.
  • A state licensed appraiser is responsible for preparing the appraisal for a mortgage loan. The appraiser works for or is contracted by an Appraisal Management Company (AMC) which must also be state licensed.
  • To facilitate the appraisal process, it’s beneficial to have the following documents, as applicable and if available, ready for the appraiser:
    • Prepare a list major home improvements (for example, the addition of central air conditioning or updated kitchen) and upgrades including the date and cost of installation as well as permit confirmation where permitting is required by the local government.
    • List any recent property maintenance items such as roof repair/replacement, a new hot water heater, new paint, carpeting, etc. As well as obtain and provide permit documentation when and where a permit is required.
    • Have a copy of a survey or Improvement Location Certificate of the house and land. Again if applicable and readily available. Such may only be required on rural properties.
    • Provide any written property agreements, such as a maintenance agreement for a shared driveway or a common wall agreement(s), etc.
    • List personal property which is to be sold with the home.
    • Provide a copy of the Purchase Agreement on a pending sale.
    • Your Realtor should offer to provide a Comparable Market Analysis (CMA) so you may provide the appraiser with comparable properties and values. Most appraisers value this help. Offer the CMA, do not try to force it on the appraiser.
    • There is nothing in law prohibiting you or your Realtor from presenting a CMA for the appraiser.
  • Once the appraiser arrives at the property, there is no need to accompany s/he on the entire site inspection; it is appropriate to be available to answer questions. Feel free to point out any home improvements and provide the supporting documentation of the cost.
  • On pets, not everyone loves our furry family members as we do.
    • Four-legged friends should be unobtrusive and well-mannered. Dog bites are to be avoided.
    • Feline friends should have recently cleaned litter boxes as well as neatened dining areas.
    • Spray the carpets, bed coverings and cloth furniture with Fabreze an hour before the appraiser arrives.

Other Considerations

  • Accessibility: Make sure that all areas of the home are accessible. Especially make sure access to the attic and crawl space are readily entered. With a locked room, you’ll wish to be certain to provide access for the appraiser so as not to create doubt. Doubt is not helpful for an appraisal.
  • Housekeeping: Appraisers see scores of homes a year and will look past most clutter, but they’re human beings too! A good impression can translate into a higher home value. Make up the beds; clean up the kitchen, etc. We found this article to be most helpful in preparing for showings as well as the appraisal. 24 THINGS YOU CAN DO IN 10 MINUTES OR LESS TO MAKE YOUR HOUSE MORE SALEABLE
  • Pre-Appraisal/PreListing Infographic
  • FHA Financing Eligibility: In the event you wish to have your property eligible for FHA financing, you may wish to: Install smoke detectors on all levels (especially near bedrooms); install handrails on all stairways; remove peeling paint and repaint the affected area.
  • Maintenance: Repair minor things like leaky faucets, missing door handles and trim.
  • Regulations: Some states, Colorado among them, require that carbon monoxide detectors are installed as a matter of law.
  • Sensitivity: Remove sensitive pictures or religious symbols that could prevent an appraiser from taking the required photographs for the report due to privacy concerns.

“Having your house clean does make a difference, even though in theory it should not,” says Mark Ferguson, a real estate professional and property investor in Greeley, Colo. “Appraisers are people, and they are swayed by smells and how a house feels, even if they aren’t conscious of it.” For the complete article, read Do Ultra-Clean Homes Appraise Higher?

Related Information – From a Realtor’s perspective on preparing for a Buyer’s Inspection.

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Financially Speaking™  James SprayMLO, CNE, FICO Pro
CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 |October 11, 2014| March 10, 2018

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

The QRM Rule: Residential Mortgage Rules

Official Device For Proving Future Income

Official Device To Prove Future Income

2014 > Qualified Mortgage (QM) or Qualified Residential Mortgage (QRM) Lending Documentation Requirements and,

Ability To Repay (ATR) Documentation Requirements:

Verified minimum of previous 24 months wage earner employment or,

Confirmed previous 24 months self-employed (no blending of self-employed with wage earner); we’ll call this the Bernake syndrome. The former Federal Reserve chairman, speaking in Chicago told the moderator: “just between the two of us, I recently tried to refinance my mortgage and I was unsuccessful in doing so.”The lender must establish the likelihood of continued employment/income for the next 36 months.

The QM/QRM rule became effective on January 10, 2014. Residential mortgages subject to Reg. Z (1-4 unit owner-occupied homes) require the borrower’s income/assets are to be fully documented and verified.

  • Two months  of the most recent year to date (YTD) pay advice.
  • Wage-earner income must be verified with Federal and State filed 1040’s + all schedules + W-2(s) + 1098(s) + 1099(s).
  • Self-employed: Copies of last two years Personal and Business returns including all Schedules, 1099’s, Form 1065 plus K-1, Limited Partner K-1 Forms, sub-chapter S Corporation 1120S plus K-1 Forms, Corporation form 1120 and year to date P&L Statement plus Balance Sheet.
  • If income taxes are e-Filed, the entire e-Filed digital filing is required.
  • Must be able to reasonably project borrower’s  income and debts over the next three years.

Asset and Other Income Documentation

  • Previous two months bank statements – all banks, all accounts with all pages including blank pages.
  • Current statements of all investment accounts with all pages including blank pages.
  • Current statements of all retirement accounts with all pages including blank pages.
  • Current leases to prove leasehold income.
  • Other documents as may be required to prove income.

 Standards

  • Payment to income ratio (PTI) – Conventional – 28%
  • Debt to income ratio (DTI) – Conventional – 43%
  • PTI – Government (FHA, VA, USDA) – 38%
  • DTI – Government – 44%
  • FICO® Scores 640+*

In the present regulatory climate many lenders impose underwriting rules (referred to as “overlays”) that are more restrictive than required by law or regulation. One set of overlays: bankruptcy, foreclosure, short-sale and deed-in-lieu of foreclosure prevent entry or reentry to the mortgage market for certain time periods as displayed here. Points and fees which may charged to borrowers are defined and limited. For the details, click here.

Exceptions to QRM and ATR

Investment properties are exempt. These are provably non-owner occupied residential properties. The proof is provided with 1040’s and schedules as well as the income shown with bank statements and an accompanying lease agreement. Credit Unions and banks serving underserved communities also have certain exemptions. As well, there are non-QM loans which do not feature low down-payment options or highly favorable rates and terms.

Media outtakes/observations from the industry biased view:

“…lenders are imposing higher than usual credit scores and other tough standards on people applying for government-backed mortgages. The lenders say they’re exceeding the government’s own criteria in a bid to insulate themselves from more financial penalties and lawsuits. And several analyses suggest that millions of potential home buyers are getting shut out as a result.” The Washington Post recently published: Why the next pick for U.S. Attorney General has huge implications for the housing industry.

Critique: For a well thought critical observation of potential serious failures of the discussed reforms, read QRM’s Missed Opportunities for Financial Stability and Servicing Reform by Alan Levitin. Mr. Levitin states in part that “… QRM was (a) missed chance to fix servicing for both investors and consumers.”

*On FICO® Scores, the best rates at the lowest cost are available for borrower with a minimum 740 middle score based on the FICO® models used by lenders which are also used by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. With lower scores one may expect a higher rate with additional underwriting overlays such as lower DTI and LTV, more liquid assets and higher down payments among other overlays.

Financially Speaking™James Spray, RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro
CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | October 4, 2014 November 22, 2016

 Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and  complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal  interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use  this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

FICO 9 and Mortgages

 

 

stethscope strangle money _ modernfaqscom

 For this post, we are simply quoting from other media sources to help our readers understand the new FICO 9 credit scoring model. In spite of what you may have read, the FICO 9 credit scoring model will not help significantly, if at all, with home mortgages. At least not anytime soon. FICO 9 will be utilized sooner by vehicle and credit card lenders.

On August 23, 2014, The Motley Fool published Why New FICO Score Rules Could Be a ‘Game-Changer’ In Helping You Obtain a Loan stating, in part, the following: “According to FICO, the median FICO score for consumers whose only major derogatory references are unpaid medical debts is expected to increase by 25 points.

 FICO’s new more lenient model should also benefit collection agencies. Consumers with unpaid medical debts now have an incentive to settle, knowing that FICO will stop including in its calculations any record of a consumer failing to pay a bill, if the bill has been paid or settled with a collection agency.

Auto and Credit Card Lenders Will Be First to use FICO 9

 This is great news for collection agencies,” Rood said. “It provides laggards with an incentive to pay up. Before these changes, you were incentivized not to pay off your debt. The last thing you wanted to do was trigger a new ‘date of last activity’ report for an old debt, say, a debt from 2008. Again, you were just better off not paying it because older debts weighed less heavily against you on your credit report than new debt. The new scoring model will likely be implemented by credit card and auto lenders first. Mortgages typically lag in adopting new scoring models.”

Mortgage Lenders Will Be Last to use FICO 9

The New York Times in their article of August 7, 2014 titled: Credit Scores Could Rise With FICO’s New Model explained it very well. For consumers to see any benefit, however, lenders have to adopt the new scoring techniques. FICO last introduced a new model, called FICO 8, in 2008. Since then, FICO said that about half of its customers had started using that model. 

Mortgage lenders have been slower to adopt new scores, and most are using even older versions, experts said, because Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are still using them in their own underwriting software. Fannie and Freddie did not say whether they had plans to switch to the updated FICO score that weighs medical collections less heavily. But they both said they were confident in the tools they use.”

Finally, law professor and author James Kwak, states the facts very simply: “…the financial district of the Western societies, Wall Street, and outdated software may very well be the norm not an exception.”

The Take Away

The take away on all this, according to Ted Rood of the Mortgage News Daily is that “(home and mortgage) buyers should keep paying those medical bills and avoid collections to ensure their loan approvals!” This statement was excerpted from the article titled: New Credit Score Model Would be Great for Housing! Too Bad it Won’t be Used.

Final Word

Our regular readers already know of our thoughts on FAKO credit scores and the release of FICO 9 adds yet a new dimension. Consumers purchasing their scores from the myFICO site will get real FICO scores but they are likely not going to be the scores which mortgage lenders use. So what can you do? You can write or call elected officials and ask that they help Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac catch up with the times.

More on FICO 9 from the FICO Blog.

UPDATE: 09/22/15 | GSEs Struggle to Update Credit Scoring Models

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Financially Speaking™ James Spray, RMLOCNE, FICO Pro
CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 |September 23, 2014 | Updated September 22, 2015
 
Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.