The PURCHASE Reverse Mortgage (H4P)

What Is A Purchase Reverse Mortgage?

By way of background, a previous blog on reverse mortgages discusses the general facts regarding reverse mortgages. Let’s talk specifically about the purchase reverse mortgage, which is otherwise known as the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) for purchase [H4P]. This product was created by the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA). The product is insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and guaranteed by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). In short, the purchase reverse is a way to purchase a home with only a down payment. In addition to the down payment, the buyer is responsible for paying the homeowners insurance, property taxes and (if applicable) Home Owner Association (HOA) fees. There are no principal or interest payments required. However, one may make principal and interest payments by choice not necessity. Finally, if the loan balance on the reverse mortgage eventually exceeds the home’s value, the lender is insured against that loss.

Who Is It Good For?

BORROWER: Age 62 and older based on the youngest titleholder. A non-borrowing spouse under the age of 62 may be added to the loan providing the spouse is over the age of 18. There is no credit required, nor a credit score requirement and only minimal income requirements. This is a minimum documentation loan.

PROPERTY: Single family homes as well as 2-4-unit residential properties and all FHA approved condos are eligible. Title may be held as fee simple, a living trust, and leasehold or life estate. The property must meet FHA appraisal requirements. If the property does not meet FHA criteria (health and safety issues), a set aside account will be established for up to six months while the health and safety requirements of the FHA appraisal criteria are met. The property may be either an existing home or a new build home, so long as the property meets FHA standards.

Examples by Age and Purchase Price of a Home Equity Conversion Mortgage

Purchase Price Age Down Payment HECM Funds
$300,000 62 $174,688 $138,300
74 $153,088 $159,900
80 $138,388 $174,600
86 $118,888 $194,100
$679,650 62 $427,230 $274,180
74 $381,427 $319,983
80 $349,620 $351,790
86 $307,634 $393,776

January 1, 2018 – Pricing is subject to change at any time.

To illustrate – let’s look at the example of a $300,000.00 purchase at age 74: To purchase the residence, the HECM borrower would need $153,088 to close on the purchase of a $300,000.00 property. The balance of the proceeds is provided with the HECM as a benefit of the HECM program and include closing costs. In all examples of HECM purchase mortgages, no mortgage payments are required. All that must be paid out-of-pocket on an annual basis are real estate taxes, homeowners insurance and HOA fees (if applicable). There are no required payments of principal, interest, or other mortgage costs (including upfront costs) until termination of the HECM.

Who Likes Reverse Mortgages The Best? The Borrowers Who Have One!

95% Partially to fully meets my financial needs

93% Positive effect on my life

89% Would refer a friend

94% Report peace of mind

89% Report a more comfortable lifestyle

87% Report a better quality of life

Source: AARP December 2007. Survey of 1500 HECM Borrowers

Why The H4P Can Be Good

A reverse mortgage for purchase allows older Americans to buy a house that better suits their needs without dumping all their retirement assets into it, which would be the case in an all-cash transaction. It also lets them avoid dipping into their monthly fixed income, which would occur if they took out a traditional mortgage. It provides more purchasing power  and doesn’t drain all of the assets. It allows a buyer the luxury to get a better lot, to add all the upgrades they want and to still have no mortgage payment.

The home is titled in the owner’s home; as with all mortgages, the lender retains a security interest in the title. There are no monthly mortgage payments. Instead, the loan is repaid when the home is sold or the borrower no longer resides in the home. The repayment to the lender includes the amount borrowed, plus accumulated interest. Any remaining equity belongs to the borrower, heirs or estate. The heirs may purchase the property for the balance due or 95% of the value, whichever is less.

TIPS: There are no concessions allowed by sellers, builders or agents; this includes any personal property. As well, the buyer must pay for the title insurance. There can be no repair set-asides; all repairs, where major property deficiencies, such as

  • No running water
  • Leaking roof
  • No primary heating source
  • Inadequate electrical system (including lighting)
  • Inoperable doors and windows (inhibited ingress and egress)
  • State or local code violations

which threaten the health and safety of the homeowner and/or jeopardize the soundness and security of the property, must be completed by the seller prior to closing. (H4P FAQs per HUD).

NOTICE: (1) Rates are subject to change without notice. For specific and current information contact me or your H4P Specialist. (2) The illustrations in the above chart titled: *Examples by Buyers Age and Purchase Price, are representative examples only. The figures are not intended to be anything other than representative illustrations in order to convey the concept of the purchase reverse mortgage.

DISCLOSURE: The information provided herein is not intended to be an indication of loan approval or a commitment to lend. Additional program guidelines may apply. Information is subject to change without notice.

DISCLAIMER: This post does not represent that any of the information provided is approved by HUD or FHA or any US Government Agency.

Financially Speaking™ James Spray, RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro

CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365| First Published 01/11/10 | Updated January 1, 2018

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

Timeline: Bankruptcy to Mortgage Chart

Experiencing a severe credit event such as foreclosure, short-sale, deed-in-lieu of foreclosure or bankruptcy does not mean you will never be eligible to get a home loan. This chart provides the time-out periods required by event. The assumptions are that you have established acceptable credit scores and meet underwriting guidelines. In certain circumstances, one may qualify for a mortgage upon discharge of a Chapter 7 or during a Chapter 13.

Financially Speaking™ James Spray RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro | CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | Originally published in 2010 and updated regularly | September 19, 2017 Contact me to obtain a pdf copy of this chart.

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct for your situation. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may reproduce this information in whole and not in part, providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

Do you prefer a ReLOC or HELOC? – Tools for Retirement Planning

Tom Davidson has written and illustrated another great article which I know you will enjoy reading. Here are the first few paragraphs which lead into the link to his wonderful presentation:

“HELOCs (Home Equity Lines of Credit) are widely used. Simply having one makes many people more comfortable. My wife and I had a standby HELOC for many years – ready to use as a convenience or in an emergency. Luckily that emergency never happened, but we felt well prepared knowing we had ready access to a substantial amount of cash that could be used for anything we needed. When I was a financial advisor, a HELOC was on my checklist to discuss with every client – at least those who were prudent with their money.

ReLOC: A Retirees Line of Credit

Is there a better alternative for homeowners over age 62?  A ReLOC may be a far better choice for many retirees. ReLOC is a nickname that stands for either Retirees Line oCredit or Reverse Mortgage Line of Credit. While ReLOCs share many features with HELOCs, three unique features make a ReLOC a line of credit designed for retirees:

  1. The amount you can access grows every month
  2. You don’t have to make payments until you permanently leave your home
  3. The loan can’t be canceled, reduced, or frozen as long as you keep up with basic mortgage obligations (property tax, homeowner’s insurance, basic maintenance, and Homeowner’s Association dues).

Here’s the borrowing limits for a ReLOC and a HELOC for a 63-year-old in a $400,000 house who lives to age 99:”

Source: Do you prefer a ReLOC or HELOC? – Tools for Retirement Planning

Realtors: 2 Deals In 1 – The Purchase Reverse Mortgage

Back to Back Closings

Back to Back Closings

Realtors: 2 Deals In 1 – The Purchase Reverse Mortgage

The Home Equity Conversion Mortgage for Purchase (HECM) is known in the industry as the H4P. The H4P is an FHA Insured reverse mortgage which is guaranteed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

In writing this post I recall a specific H4P transaction where I was privileged to originate a purchase reverse mortgage for a delightful fellow Colorado native. This transaction closed in July 2013. The purchaser, age 63, sold her townhome in Parker for $115,000.00 and in conjunction with the H4P used the combined proceeds to purchase a townhome in Castle Rock for $227,600.00.

The financial details of that transaction are as follows: The buyer’s cash to close requirement was $96,400.00 plus her earnest money of $2,000.00. This sum of $98,600.00 included pro-rata property taxes, insurance and HOA fees.  The H4P proceeds to close were $129,200.00. In addition, the FHA UFMIP, origination fee and allowed closing costs totaling $11,400.00 were financed. All figures have been rounded to the nearest $50.00.

Purchase Price $227,600.00
Buyer Cash to Close + Earnest Money     98,400.00
H4P Cash at Closing $129,200.00
Financed Closing Costs     11,400.00

She found it most desirable to purchase her new home and not have to make mortgage payments ever again. Of course, she may make periodic payments or payoff the loan at any time but only if she wishes. It bears observing that she made this decision with the blessing of her children, one of whom is a CPA. Going forward, she simply pays the taxes, insurance and HOA dues. She does not need to pay monthly mortgage payments again for so long as she lives in her home.

On qualifying, for all intents and purposes, this was a Stated Income loan. As a matter of responsible underwriting, it was merely confirmed she had sufficient income to pay real estate taxes, insurance and HOA dues.

Due to adjustments* which FHA made to the HECM program in September 2013, an identical transaction as described in this post would presently require cash to close from the buyer of approximately $114,950.00.

On qualifying, for all intents and purposes, this was a Stated Income loan. As a matter of responsible underwriting, it was merely confirmed she had sufficient income to pay real estate taxes, insurance and HOA dues.

Due to adjustments* which FHA made to the HECM program in September 2013, an identical transaction as described in this post would presently require cash to close from the buyer of approximately $114,950.00.

For additional facts on the FHA Reverse Mortgage program (HECM), you may wish to click on this link: Reverse Mortgage Facts. Further discussion and illustration on the H4P is available on this link: What Is A Purchase Reverse Mortgage?

TIPS: There are no concessions allowed by sellers, builders or agents; this includes any personal property (such as appliances). In addition, the buyer must pay for the title insurance. There can be no repair set-asides; all repairs, where major property deficiencies threaten the health and safety of the homeowner and/or jeopardize the soundness and security of the property, must be completed by the seller prior to closing. Another unique feature of this program is to set your closings for about 10:00 AM and not later than 11:00 AM to help make sure the H4P funds the same day as the closing. On the closer, few are experienced with the H4P, most are experienced with the traditional reverse mortgage and think the H4P is the same. It is not. Given the buyer is paying for the title insurance, I suggest we use a closer well-trained in the HP. I have such a closer.

Finally, although a rare circumstance, should a buyer have two FHA Case Numbers open, the non-purchase case number must be cancelled prior to final loan approval. As of this post, FHA will not allow an application to be taken until the Certificate of Occupancy has been issued.

If a non-borrowing spouse is involved in the transaction, the non-borrowing spouse (NBS) may not be a party to the real estate purchase contract. For more information on the NBS you may wish to read: Reverse Mortgages and the Under-Age 62 Spouse.

[*HUD Mortgagee Letter 2013-27]

Update: There are market and borrower favorable changes pending application to the H4P on September 19, 2017. When they go into effect, this posting will be updated to reflect the changes.

Notice: The information provided is not intended to be an indication of loan approval or a commitment to lend. Additional program guidelines may apply. Information is subject to change without notice.

Disclaimer: This article does not represent that any of the information provided is approved by HUD or FHA or any US Government Agency.

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 Financially Speaking  James Spray, RMLOCNE, FICO Pro |CO LMO 100008715 / NMLS 257365 |Published: April 3, 2014 ~ Updated: February 6, 2017

 Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to compose and link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

Romance and Credit Scores

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In addition to getting the best employment and the lowest interest rate on everything financed, including credit cards, home and auto loans, the prime potential partners in the dating pool are quickly thinned of those with inferior credit.

This is clearly highlighted in a post made by the Credit Slips summary of a Washington Post article which examines the working paper recently published by the Federal Reserve titled Credit Scores and Committed Relationships.

Barron’s Market Watch recently published an article titled, Nearly 40% of Americans want to know your credit score before dating. In part, this phenomena was summarized by University of Kansas Communications Professor Jeffrey Hall who stated,

By showing an interest in these three digits, people are probably being smart rather than shallow, says Jeffrey Hall, associate professor of communications at the University of Kansas. “Finances, education, and job prospects all factor into the value of a potential mate,” he says. “Assuming that people can actually interpret a credit score meaningfully, it makes sense they would think a credit score is useful in evaluating mate value.”

“…In fact, the higher your credit score, the less likely you’ll separate from your partner — and a lower score often means you’ll be less lucky in love, researchers at the Federal Reserve Board, the Brookings Institution and UCLA recently concluded.”

Your credit score has become such a popular character-meter that there are dating services based on them. A 2015 academic study found that “quality in credit scores, measured at the time of relationship formation, are highly predictive of subsequent separations.” The research suggested “credit scores reveal an individual’s relationship skill and level of commitment.” How More Americans Are Getting a Perfect Credit Score Bloomberg Suzanne Woolley, August 14, 2017.

I think it’s safe to predict that more and more people in the dating pool will become savvy to the benefit of checking one’s credit score before entertaining the possibility of a committed relationship.

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Financially Speaking™ James Spray RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro | CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | Published November 13, 2015 – Updated August 16, 2017

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct for your situation. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may reproduce this information in whole and not in part, providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

The NEW Reverse Mortgage

Logo_JustTheFacts_F

It is my pleasure to specialize in the origination of Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECM) for the benefit of our clients. These are best known as Reverse Mortgages. The type of Reverse Mortgage we offer, and the most utilized product available in Colorado, is the one insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as further discussed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and as discussed by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).

  • The minimum age for a borrower is 62.
  • A non-borrowing spouse under age 62 gets to be on the deed.
  • Reverse mortgages are extremely well protected. Guaranteed by HUD; Insured by FHA.
  • One of the protections is the requirement that borrowers receive counseling from a third-party HUD Certified Housing Counselor – often at no cost to the prospective borrower.
  • No monthly out-of-pocket mortgage payments required.
  • The reverse mortgage is due once the home is no longer the primary residence of the borrower(s) or the non-borrowing spouse.
  • Out of pocket expenses are limited to property taxes, insurance and HOA fees (when applicable).
  • The property is to be kept in good condition.
  • The interest rate is not determined by income or credit score.
  • The interest rate is based on the program chosen (FRM, Monthly/Annual ARM, and Low-cost Annual).
    • Flexibility on how funds are received (traditional):
    • In an interest bearing line of credit and/or;
    • As monthly payments and/or;
    • In a lump sum payment and/or;
    • In any combination of the above methods.
  • There are no restrictions on how the funds may be used.
  • The title remains in the borrower’s name. The bank does not own your home. You may sell at any time.
  • There is no equity sharing. Your equity is your equity.
  • Credit review – The credit review is minimal providing there have been no serious derogatory credit issues, such as bankruptcy or unpaid credit obligations, in the past two years.
  • There is no minimum credit score requirement.
  • Financial Assessment (FA) – The financial underwriting is minimal. The lender must be assured the borrower has the income and will to pay real estate taxes and property insurance.
  • Under FA, a full or partial set aside account may be required to pay taxes and insurance.
  • Closing costs are comparable to other FHA insured home loans.
  • There are no mark-up or “junk” fees allowed.
  • One may still receive Social Security and Medicare benifits with a reverse mortgage.
  • The reverse mortgage is a loan so the proceeds are not treated as income.
  • There is no prepayment penalty; the borrower may pay-off the reverse mortgage at any time with no penalty.
    • Reverse mortgages are non-recoursable; if more is owed than the value of the property, the lender may not collect the deficient amount from either the borrower or the estate.
    • Heirs may sell the property and pay off the mortgage. In the event more is owed on the property than the value of the property, the heirs may purchase the property for 95% of the market value as opposed to paying the full amount of the mortgage.
  • Reverses Mortgages are also used for Purchase Money. Click here to learn more.
  • Security is provided for the under age 62 spouse. Click here for more information.

DISCLAIMER: This publication does not represent that any of the information provided is approved by HUD or FHA or any US Government Agency.

DISCLOSURE: The information provided herein is not intended to be an indication of loan approval or a commitment to lend. Additional program guidelines may apply. Information is subject to change without notice.

Image attribution

Financially Speaking™ James Spray RMLO, CNE, FICO Pro | CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | November 2, 2016

Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct for your situation. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may reproduce this information in whole and not in part, providing you give full attribution to James Spray.

Purchase or Refinance During a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Chapter 13 Plan

Chapter 13 Plan

This post is written for folks currently in a Chapter 13 Plan. It is also helpful for those contemplating filing a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Reorganization Plan. This post is also helpful for those recently Discharged from Chapter 13. A mortgage refinance or a home purchase, while still in a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, is possible; it is also a complicated financial and, legal transaction. To do this requires a highly specialized mortgage professional experienced with both FHA lending rules and Chapter 13 bankruptcy as well as local court rules.

The Chapter 13 Payment

One of the most important things to understand is the importance of on-time Chapter 13 Payments to the mortgage underwriting process. I strongly encourage you to read this: The Chapter 13 Payment. Your Chapter 13 Trustee payment is given the exact consideration as your housing (mortgage/rent) payment in underwriting. From the underwriting perspective, one thirty-day late payment of either the mortgage or Chapter 13 Trustee payment will sink your prospects of getting mortgage loan approval for at least a year. Mail your payment early or set your on-line bill pay or direct payment to the Trustee so that you always know your payment has had time to get to the Trustee’s office and be posted by the staff at that office. Too many times, on review of the Chapter 13 Payment history, we find a payment was posted on the 2nd day of the month. One day counts as a late payment. An experienced mortgage lender can help you check your Chapter 13 payment history in real time.

Mortgage Choices for Chapter 13 Debtors (purchase or refinance)

The only mortgages available, either for refinance or purchase, for those in a Chapter 13 Plan are those insured or guaranteed by the Federal government. These mortgages are either: insured by FHAguaranteed by VA or the USDA. Each

Any mortgage so long as it’s FHA, VA or USDA.

of these home loans are underwritten with the same guidelines as set forth in the FHA Handbook. How does a bankruptcy affect a borrower’s eligibility for an FHA mortgage? From the FHA Handbook:  “A Chapter 13 bankruptcy does not disqualify a borrower from obtaining an FHA mortgage provided the lender documents that one year of the payout period under the bankruptcy has elapsed and the borrower’s payment performance has been satisfactory (i.e., all required payments made on time). In addition, the borrower must receive permission from the court to enter into the mortgage transaction.*”  Most underwriters will consider the Chapter 13 Trustee’s approval as permission from the court.

Application to Incur New Debt

To get underwriting approval for a Chapter 13 Debtor to refinance the Chapter 13 Trustee (in Colorado) or the Judge must approve your application to incur new debt. Contact your attorney to determine how and when to best proceed, or not. There are situations when it may not be in your best interest to purchase or refinance while in Chapter 13. This is a process which you can only do with the advise and assistance of your attorney. Your attorney must prepare the financial statements to submit to the Trustee in order for authority to be granted for a lender to offer new credit. Your mortgage loan originator should be able to assist your attorney in completing the Application to Incur New Debt.

Mortgage Refinance After Chapter 13 Discharge?

Yes. One may refinance or purchase within 2 years following the Discharge. BUT, it is easier to get approved for a mortgage while still in Chapter 13. This is because, following Discharge, a manual underwrite is mandated. Few lenders are willing to take the risk of not having the safe harbor provided by Automated Underwriting. Begin reestablishing good credit as soon as your Chapter 13 Plan is confirmed and continue this discipline while your case is still open so by the time your Discharge enters, you have solidly reestablished good credit.

Two years following Discharge, with reestablished credit, one may qualify for a conventional or Qualified Residential Mortgages (QRM) to purchase or refinance a home loan.

Preliminary Requirements for Purchase or Refinance While in Chapter 13

  • Twenty-four months of current housing payments with no 30-day late payments and, the likelihood of the income continuing for at least three years.
  •  Two years IRS Returns showing your income is sufficient to pay the mortgage as well as your Chapter 13 payment and any debt not included in the bankruptcy payment.
  • Minimum middle FICO Score of 620 . Most will need to practice what I’ve previously posted as FICO  101a, 101b and 101c for several months prior to making a successful application for mortgage credit.
  • For anyone with a fear of having credit make time to read both Credit: Use It to Build It (Part 1) and Credit: Use It to Build It (Part 2).
  • Begin rebuilding your credit as soon as your Chapter 13 Plan is Confirmed/Court Approved; this is when your property has been revested to you.
  • The maximum limited-cash out loan to value on an FHA appraisal is presently 95% – Refinance.
  • The minimum down payment is 3.5% of the purchase contract or appraised value whichever is less. – Purchase
  • The maximum Debt to Income Ratio is 45%. This is pushing the envelope. While in Chapter 13, it is mandatory to have Court approval (in Colorado, the Trustee approval suffices) to obtain a mortgage.

There is more detail to this process than can reasonably be discussed herein but this is the essence of purchasing or refinancing while in Chapter 13.

*Reference: FHA Handbook 4000.1 II.A. 5.a.iii (H)(2)(3).

Disclaimer: This article does not represent that any of the information provided is approved by HUD or FHA or any US Government Agency.

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Financially Speaking™ James Spray, RMLO, CNEFICO Pro |  CO LMO 100008715 | NMLS 257365 | November 1, 2010 – Revised May 2, 2018 | Copyright 2010-2018
Notice: The information on this blog is opinion and information. While I have made every effort to link accurate and complete information, I cannot guarantee it is correct. Please seek legal assistance to make certain your legal interpretation and decisions are correct. This information is not legal advice and is for guidance only. You may use this information in whole and not in part providing you give full attribution to James Spray.